Kitchens and Bath areas require special wiring for electrical outlets. The electrical outlet locations are also much different than in other portions of homes. What are electrical requirements for kitchen and bath areas?
In the kitchen area the NEC requires no more than 6 fee from a given location to be from an outlet which would make the outlets no more than 12 feet apart with special outlet locations in the kitchen area or over counter-tops.
Counter-top receptacles in your kitchen must be served by two or more different circuits. Each kitchen counter space that is wider than 12 inches must have its own outlet, with no point along than countertop being more than 24 inches apart horizontally or 48" of space between the outlets in the kitchen.
Ensuring kitchen and bathroom safety, the NEC requires GFCI protection in all new bathrooms, and in kitchen outlets within six feet of the kitchen's sink and other locations around the house. Adding ground fault protection to existing circuits makes sense in any bathroom or kitchen.
A "ground Fault" is a current leak caused by faulty electrical insulation in a tool or appliance which is plugged in. This current leak may be too small to trip a circuit breaker for your kitchen or bath area, yet can prove fatal to anyone standing on a wet floor or touching a grounded metal plumbing fixture for an example.
There are three GFCI types. One is a circuit breaker installed in the main panel. A second type of GFCI outlet is installed in the outlet box as a replacement for an existing outlet, and there also is a simple plug in GFCI outlet or extension cord. Installing a feed through GFCI outlet is the most common for kitchen and bath areas with more than one outlet. A feed through GFCI allows ground fault protection to all of the receptacles beyond the outlet in the same circuit.
Although adding GFI outlets is very simple step when remodeling kitchen or bathrooms ]people wanting to do work them selves too often make the fatal mistake of missing the minor addition of the correct type of outlet. Be sure to understand this step, or hire an electrician to make sure your kitchen and bathroom areas have the right gauge wiring at the right spacing apart, and at very least ensure your circuits in areas such as Kitchens and baths where moisture can be present is protected with a GFI style of outlet.
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Once task lighting is solved, you can also consider any accent lighting that may improve your kitchen. As mentioned, where there is space above the cabinets, cove lighting or under cabinet lighting can be used on top cabinets and will look wonderful. Tray ceilings finished in crown molding benefit greatly from this type of lighting. Other alternatives are a low-voltage track or LED rope light. Either way, under cabinet lighting can add that extra touch that makes your kitchen unique.